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7 principles of teaching

Seven Principles of Good Teaching

These principles have been intended as a guideline for faculty members, students, and administrators to follow to improve teaching and learning. Research for over 50 years on the practical experience of students and teachers supports these principles. When all principles are practiced, there are six other forces in education that surface: activity, expectations, cooperation, interaction, diversity, and responsibility. Good practices work for professional programs as well as the liberal arts. They also work for a variety of students: Hispanic, Asian, young, old, rich, poor.

Teachers and students have the most responsibility for improving undergraduate education. However, improvements will need to be made by college and university leaders, and state and federal officials. It is a joint venture among all that is possible. When this does occur, faculty and administrators, think of themselves as educators that have a shared goal. Resources become available for students, faculty, and administrators to work together.

Principle 1: Encourage contact between students and faculty.

Building rapport with students is very important. The contact between students and teachers are vital to the students’ success. One of the main reasons students leave school is the feeling of isolation that they experience. The concern shown will help students get through difficult times and keep working. Faculty have many avenues to follow to open up the lines of communication.

For the regular classroom:

  • Invite students to visit outside of class.
  • Know your students by name.
  • Help students with problems in their extracurricular activities.
  • Personalize feedback on student assignments.
  • Attend student events.
  • Advise students regarding academic courses and career opportunities.
  • Seek out students you feel are having a problem with the course or are frequently absent.
  • Encourage students to present their views and participate in class discussions.
  • Have regular office hours.
  • Help students to work with other faculty. Let them know of options, research, etc. of other faculty.
  • Share personal experiences and values.
  • Use the one-minute paper at the end of class to get feedback on what the student is learning and how well they are learning it.
  • Talk to students on a personal level and learn about their educational and career goals.

For distance and online courses:

  • Try computer conferencing.
  • Use listserves.
  • Clearly, communicate your email response policy.
  • Encourage e-mail correspondence and discussion forum use, especially beneficial for those that are shy or are from different cultures because it allows them a different avenue of communication that might be more comfortable.
  • “Chat time” online with faculty (at various times, scheduled weekly).
  • Use pictures of faculty/students.
  • Visit the distance sites, if possible.
  • Have an on-site support person.
  • Maintain eye contact with the camera and local students.
  • Arrange for group work at a distance site.

Technology, like e-mail, computer conferencing, and the World Wide Web/Internet, now gives more opportunities for students and faculty to converse. It is efficient, convenient, and protected. It allows more privacy so that students are able to discuss more openly without fear that other students are going to hear. The e-mail also gives student more time to think about what they want to say. With these new alternatives to face-to-face communication, interaction from more students should increase within the classroom.

Principle 2: Develop reciprocity and cooperation among students.

When students are encouraged to work as a team, more learning takes place. Characteristics of good learning are collaborative and social, not competitive and isolated. Working together improves thinking and understanding.

For the regular classroom:

  • Use cooperative learning groups
  • Have students participate in activities that encourage them to get to know one another.
  • Encourage students to join at least one organization on campus.
  • Assign group projects and presentations
  • Utilize peer tutoring.
  • Encourage students to participate in groups when preparing for exams and working on assignments.
  • Distribute performance criteria to students is that each person’s grade is independent of those achieved by others.
  • Encourage students from different races and cultures to share their viewpoints on topics shared in class.

For distance and online courses:

  • Use chat sites and discussion forums for student-to-student communication.
  • Set up teams to interact through e-mail or phone bridges with enough people at each site.
  • Encourage students to respond to their peers’ work by posting it on the internet.
  • Have a question and answer time online.
  • Use teleconferencing for idea sharing.
  • Encourage online discussion groups that require interaction.
  • Work on group projects through phone and e-mail.
  • Team-teach courses.
  • Include an “ice-breaker” activity to allow students to share their interest and to learn about others.

Cooperative learning has several benefits. Students care more about their learning because of the interdependent nature of the process. Retention is higher because there is a social and intellectual aspect of the content material. Students also find the method more enjoyable because there is no competition placed upon them. Cooperation, not competition, is more effective in promoting student learning.

Principle 3: Encourage active learning.

Learning is an active process. Students are not able to learn much by only sitting in classes listening to teachers, memorizing pre-packaged assignments, and churning out answers. They must be able to talk about what they are learning, write about it, relate it to past experiences, and apply it to their daily lives. Students need to make learning a part of themselves.

For the regular classroom:

  • Ask students to relate what they are learning to something in real life.
  • Use journaling.
  • Give students concrete, real-life situations to analyze.
  • Encourage students to suggest new reading, projects, or course activities.
  • Ask students to present their work to the class.
  • Use of simulation software to run “what-if” scenarios allows students to manipulate variables and circumstances.
  • Practice role modeling and use web-based case studies to practice new thinking skills.
  • Encourage students to challenge your ideas, the ideas of other students, or those ideas presented in readings or other course materials in a respectful matter.
  • Set up problem-solving activities in small groups and have each group discuss their solutions with the class.

For distance and online courses:

  • Allow flexibility in choosing material so that it is more meaningful to the learner (e.g. students choose their own topic, project format, etc.).
  • Have an interactive web page.
  • Debate online.
  • Present students work for other students to review.
  • Talk about what students are learning by creating a learning group through e-mail, telephone, chat room, or conferencing.
  • Use e-mail for group problem-solving.

Promoting active learning in higher education is a struggle because of the learning background that many students come to classes with. This is due to the fact that the norm in our nation’s secondary schools has been to promote passive learning. A large amount of information needs to be covered with not enough time, so teachers resort to lecture in order to economize their time to cover as much material as possible. Students progress from topic to topic with no real understanding of the content and how it relates to their life. Effective learning is active learning. The concept of active learning has been applied to curriculum design, internship programs, community service, laboratory science instruction, musical and speech performance, seminar classes, undergraduate research, peer teaching, and computer-assisted learning. The common thread between all these events is to stimulate students to think about how they as well as what they are learning and to take more responsibility for their own education.

Principle 4: Give prompt feedback.

By knowing what you know and do not know gives a focus to learning. In order for students to benefit from courses, they need appropriate feedback on their performance. When starting out, students need help in evaluating their current knowledge and capabilities. Within the classroom, students need frequent opportunities to perform and receive suggestions for improvement. Throughout their time in college and especially at the end of their college career, students need chances to reflect on what they have learned, what they still need to know, and how to assess themselves.

For the regular classroom:

  • Follow-up presentations with a five minute period for students to write down what they have learned in class.
  • Provide informative comments that show the students’ errors and give suggestions on how they can improve.
  • Discuss the results of class assignments and exams with the class and individual students.
  • Vary assessment techniques (tests, papers, journaling, quizzes).
  • Offer on-line testing, software simulations, and web-based programs that provide instantaneous feedback.
  • Have question and answer sessions.
  • Use audio and/or video recordings to assess performances.
  • Return grades for assignments, projects, and tests within one week.

For distance and online courses:

  • E-mail gives instant feedback instead of waiting for the next lesson.
  • Use online testing, software simulations, and web-based programs that provide instantaneous feedback.
  • Monitor bulletin boards regularly and give specific information feedback to students.
  • Use pre-class and post-class assessments.
  • Schedule a chat group where you, the instructor are present. Use it as a question and answer session when appropriate.
  • Send acknowledgment e-mails when you receive students work.
  • Post answer keys after receiving the assignment from all students.
  • Use of hyperlinks within the text to provide feedback to questions raised within the text.

The importance of feedback is so obvious that it is often taken for granted during the teaching and learning process. It is a simple yet powerful tool to aid in the learning process. Feedback is any means to inform a learner of their accomplishments and areas needing improvement. There are several different forms that feedback can take. They are oral, written, computer displayed, and from any of the interactions that occur in group learning. What is important is that the learner is informed and can associate the feedback with a specific response.

Principle 5: Emphasize time on task.

Learning needs time and energy. Efficient time-management skills are critical for students. By allowing realistic amounts of time, effective learning for students and effective teaching for faculty are able to occur. The way the institution defines time expectations for students, faculty, administrators, and other staff, can create the basis for high performance from everyone.

For the regular classroom:

  • Expect students to complete their assignments promptly.
  • Clearly communicate to your students the minimum amount of time they should spend preparing for class and working on assignments.
  • Help students set challenging goals for their own learning.
  • Have realistic expectations (don’t expect 10 papers in 10 weeks).
  • Encourage students to prepare in advance for oral presentations.
  • Explain to your students about the consequences of non-attendance.
  • Meet with students who fall behind to discuss their study habits, schedules, and other commitments.
  • Be careful that time on task is real learning, not busy work.
  • Do not use technology for technology’s sake. It must be relevant and useful to the topic.
  • Have progressive deadlines for projects and assignments.
  • Teach time management.
  • Discussion topics from class posted in a discussion group on the web.

For distance and online courses:

  • Understand that there will be problems with distance and technology along the way.
  • Identify key concepts and how those will be taught. Given the amount of time, decide what realistically can be covered.
  • Each distance class should involve some kind of achievement expectation that is laid out at the beginning of the course. Assign some content for out of class time.
  • Give up the illusion of doing it all as you might in a regular classroom.
  • Vary the types of interaction. In creating an interactive environment, it can be overwhelming to the students and teacher if the types of interaction required are too time-consuming.
  • Consider both in and out of class time.
  • Make sure you know what your goals are and that the learners understand them as well.
  • Have regular discussions that require participation.

An easy assumption to make would be that students would be more successful if they spent more time studying. It makes sense but it oversimplifies the principle of time on task. Student achievement is not simply a matter of the amount of time spent working on a task. Even though learning and development require time, it is an error to disregard how much time is available and how well the time is spent. Time on task is more complicated than one might assume.

Principle 6: Communicate high expectations.

Expect more and you will get it. The poorly prepared, those unwilling to exert themselves, and the bright and motivated all need high expectations. Expecting students to perform well becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy when teachers and institutions hold high standards and make extra efforts.

For the regular classroom:

  • Give a detailed syllabus with assignments, due dates, and a grading rubric.
  • Encourage students to excel at the work they do.
  • Give students positive reinforcement for doing outstanding work.
  • Encourage students to work hard in class.
  • Tell students that everyone works at different levels and they should strive to put forth their best effort, regardless of what level it is.
  • Help students set challenging goals for their own learning.
  • Publicly acknowledge excellent student performance.
  • Revise courses when needed so students remain challenged.
  • Work individually with students who are struggling to encourage them to stay motivated.
  • Encourage students to do their best instead of focusing on grades.

For distance and online courses:

  • Give a detailed syllabus with assignments, due dates, and a grading rubric.
  • Call attention to excellent work in bulletin board postings or class listserves.
  • Show examples of your expectations with previous students’ work.
  • Publish student work.
  • Provide corrective feedback. State what you did and did not like.
  • Be a role model for students. Model the behavior and expectations that you expect from students.
  • Expect students to participate.
  • Try to make assignments interesting and relevant to create interest.
  • Ask students to comment on what they are doing.
  • Suggest extra resources that support key points.

Although it is often only discussed at the instructional level, high expectations also include the students’ performance and behavior inside and outside the classroom. College and universities expect students to meet their high expectations for performance in the classroom, but also expect a personal and professional commitment to values and ethics. They include the discipline to set goals and stick with them, an awareness and appreciation of the diversity of society, and a philosophy of service to others.

Principle 7: Respect diverse talents and ways of learning.

There are many different ways to learn and no two people learn the same way. Students bring different talents and learning styles to the classroom. Students that excel in the seminar room may be all thumbs in the lab or art studio and vice versa. Students need the opportunity to show their talents and learn in ways that work for them. Then, they can be guided into new ways of learning that are not as easy for them.

For the regular classroom:

  • Use Web technologies to allow students to pick and choose learning experiences that fits the way they learn.
  • Encourage students to speak up when they do not understand.
  • Use diverse teaching activities and techniques to address a broad range of students.
  • Select readings and design activities related to the background of students.
  • Provide extra material or activities for students who lack essential background knowledge or skills.
  • Integrate new knowledge about women, minorities, and other under-represented populations into your courses.
  • Use learning contracts and other activities to provide students with learning alternatives for your courses.
  • Encourage students from different races and cultures to share their viewpoints on topic discussed in class.
  • Use collaborative teaching and learning techniques and pair students so they compliment each others abilities.
  • Give students a problem to solve that has multiple solutions. Guide them with clues and examples.
  • Consider field trips.
  • Be familiar with Howard Gardner’s research on multiple intelligences.

For distance and online courses:

  • Encourage students to express diverse points of view in discussions.
  • Create learning activities filled with real-life examples and diverse perspectives.
  • Provide Saturday lab experiences by contracting with local high schools or community colleges.
  • Some CD-Roms are available that offer a simulated lab.
  • Balance classroom activities for all styles (some books, some hands-on, some visual).
  • Explain theory from a practical approach first then add the structural approach.

The meaning of diversity is very clear from effective institutions. They embrace diversity and systematically foster it. This respect for diversity should play a central part in university decisions, be apparent in the services and resources available to students and resources available to students, be a feature of every academic program, and practiced in every classroom.

Sewa Kendras

Now Sewa Kendra to house water dept offices

The “financially unviable” sewa kendras (service centers), the pet project of the previous SAD-BJP government, have finally been put to use by the Congress government.

Last year, the Cabinet had decided to shut down 1,647 of the total 2,147 such centers, with only 500 remaining operational. Following the decision, the buildings of such kendras that were constructed at a cost of Rs 200 crore had become redundant. A sum of Rs 1,400 crore was estimated to be spent on their operations in five years.

Now, the water and sanitation department has been handed over 300 such centers in rural areas by the governance reforms department.

“As part of the restructuring of the water supply and sanitation department, junior engineers along with a five-member staff have been stationed at such centers. They would look after a cluster of villages for water supply related complaints and other issues,” said a senior government functionary.

As a result, the villagers would not have to travel long distances for redressal of their complaints.

Sources in the reforms department said the department of panchayats and rural development, social security and some other departments were also seeking permission to run their offices from defunct sewa Kendras in remote areas.

“Such centers have requisite infrastructure, air conditioning and electricity connection. More such centers should be handed over to other departments”, said a government official.

The Cabinet, while deciding to shut down the centers, has suggested using the same as Anganwadi’s Or Panchayat Ghars.

Source – Tribune


A path to education or Fool School

we should not join a fool school let’s choose wisely what exact education is mean and what should we care while planning any study. As Read below how to identify & invest our money wisely, I want each one of you to share this post as much as you can with your friends so they can get to know how they are going to the path of fool schools.

1) Do not fall for Advertisement: First of all, realize that it’s not like choosing a fairness cream by seeing tv commercials or claims, it is your career and the costs involved is huge. So choose wisely & use your brain, I will tell u how.

2) False Claims: Many Institutes claims to give you 100% placement guarantee or assistance. Firstly identify these words, assistance normally means they will send you for interviews or inform you about interviews which are already happening. Now 100% placement guarantee is very tricky. But still, you should look beneath the words.

( They only say placement, won’t specify whether as Manager, Counselor, Receptionist, etc) most of the time, they put you into jobs with a salary as low as 7000 to 10000 in Salon, Hotels, Spas or Clinics a very sorry state, as we don’t even need a course to become a Receptionist just general counseling by any consultant is enough to get a job easily after study.

3) Teaching Subjects: All centers teaching you subjects like Beauty Tricks, Technique, Front Desk Management, Aviation, Hospitality, Tourism, Ticketing are simply making a fool of you. when you go for studies of subjects which are not approved by any standard authority than its totally waste of your money and time.

4) Certification: So Many certifications are distributed by academy and institute in the name of job sake but exactly no academy is perfectly known what actually they are providing. Proper validation of certification is always required for the academy which is approved by the standard authority of departments.

5) Hefty Course Fees: All of them just want money from your pocket. they teach many subjects so that the duration is extended to 1 year or more. if the duration is more, They will charge you fees around 1 lakh to 2 lakh & more. I am really sorry to say bigger the course fee the biggest fraud they are.

6) On the job training: Many academies say they provide on the job training just after the course & send you all to Salon, Hotel, Restaurants units, Hotels or Airport for 1 month. Sadly children don’t know that these experience does not matter at all, but they highlight this and charge students separately for this. Better to attend general educational seminar or tours.


These may feel like a nail in our head. But unfortunately, this is the reality in our country. if you have waste You money in some training, you can relate to any of these, make sure that u share this post to the maximum & save billions of hard earned money.


If You feel you need any educational counseling after your studies. you can apply in our free workshop or courses where we will guide you which course or study is perfect for your career. our events and workshops are open for everyone who wants to attend the workshop can click here and register prior.


Why Boarding School best

Why Boarding School Best

Why Boarding School Best for Working Parents

Why should you consider sending your child to boarding school? Wouldn’t He/she do just as well as day school? This is a common question for parents to ponder as they review their private school options. You have made the decision to send him/her to a private school in principle. Now it is just a matter of working out the details.
There are many reasons to go to boarding school. The academics, the athletics, and the extracurricular activities are just a few of the considerations. But there’s more. Much more. Here are the top reasons why you should go to boarding schools.
1. You will get great teachers. 
Boarding schools traditionally hire teachers with degrees in their subjects. As well a large number of these experienced teachers have advanced degrees in their field. Typically all are passionate about their subject and love to teach it to young people. Because discipline is rarely a problem in boarding school, these talented teachers get to teach without having to be traffic cops or paper pushers like their public school counterparts.
2. You will have great sports facilities.
Most boarding schools have amazing sports facilities. Many boarding school fitness facilities make commercial fitness establishments look tame. The varsity teams travel regionally and globally to compete. This Brings the lot of travel experince in childs.
3. You will have great art programs.
Theater, dance, music, fine arts, in short, anything and everything artistic is part of the opportunity which awaits you at most boarding schools. Several schools have magnificent performing arts centers and museums. Chamber music, bands, orchestras, and jazz ensembles will give you many opportunities to use your musical talents. The art galleries and museums many schools have acquired offer another serious enhancement for the artistically inclined.
4. You will get to live away from home.
It’s never easy to leave the nest. But, doesn’t it make more sense to make the move a few years before college? Of course, it does. You will learn how to cope with life and all its many high and low points within a community of your peers who are going through the same things you are.
5. You will be stretched by the amount of academic work you have to do.
In a public school, you might read one Shakespeare play in a year if you are lucky and it happens to be relevant to the test. In a private school, you will read three or four Shakespeare plays and study them in detail. Teaching to the test is virtually unheard of because boarding schools only have to be concerned with getting you into a college. As a result, the depth and breadth of the academic courses in most schools are remarkable.
6. You will be surrounded by classmates who want to go to college.
Your classmates are in boarding school because they want to be there.  They want to learn. They want to be successful. The reason you go to a private school is to learn. Most schools are rather selective about who they admit. Being willing to work hard in class and play hard on the playing field is all part of the college prep package boarding schools offer.
7. The libraries/media centers are well-stocked.
The older, more established schools have traditional library facilities which in many cases are better equipped than those at many colleges. Libraries have morphed over the years into media centers. The typical boarding school library will have the latest technology available, in addition to all the usual print materials.
8. You will learn to be responsible for yourself.
Taking a lot of little steps towards maturity is one of the intangibles of going to boarding school. You have to learn to get along with others because it is a community. You learn to be responsible for your actions because you are bound by an honor or discipline code of some kind. The lessons in life learned in boarding school will lay a solid foundation for adulthood. You will make friends for life. Most boarding school graduates look back at their years in school as a time when lasting friendships were established. Coupled with that is the building of a network of friends and acquaintances who know you and care about you.
9. The classes are small.
If you are in a public school with 30-40 students to a class, chances are that you will just be a number, unless you are very smart or very bad. You will probably get lots of attention either way. In a boarding school, on the other hand, classes typically are 10-15 students. You cannot hide in a class that small. You have to participate. You will get called upon for your response. You will never just be a number in a boarding school. Boarding schools, as a rule, are not very large. Yes, some, like Exeter have 1,000 students. But most have a student population in the 350-500 student range.
10. It’s cool to be smart.
This is probably the best reason to go to boarding school. In a public school the kids who really want to learn frequently end up being social outcasts. Not so in boarding school. It’s cool to be smart in boarding school. It’s also very cool to learn.
These are our top ten reasons to go to boarding school. You will doubtless think of others. If all of this intrigues you, and you want to learn more about choosing a school, read 5 Steps for Choosing a Boarding School. One last bit of advice: don’t put off starting the process of choosing a boarding school to the last minute. You will need at least 18 months before the fall of the year in which you want your child to be in school.
Freelance Trainers

How to choose Freelancer Trainer Career

If you are Employers A lot of companies carry out extensive training programs to ensure that employees who join the organization have the chance to become familiar with the company’s ethics, quality standards and the best industry practices followed for executing projects. Most times these training program materials are perfected over the years and carried out in-house; however, sometimes businesses decide to hire a trainer to understand and evaluate the business, prepare training materials, and provide training to newly joined employees.

Benefits for company Owners about Freelance Trainers

If you are looking to hire a trainer for carrying out your organization’s training procedures. our trainers have diverse experiences in providing training for different businesses and they can help you with your specific project requirements. Trainers who provide services will take the time to understand your company’s practices and the educational background of your new employees, and prepare effective training materials for your company.

What Do Trainers Do?

The most important tasks of trainers include understanding and documenting training requirements, preparing instructional content for providing training, and then carrying out the actual training process. Apart from this, trainers also assess the effectiveness of the training programs, perform administrative tasks, program lessons, manage registrations and monitor the cost of the training. In particular, corporate training specialists are skilled in instructional design, changing training materials based on current requirements, and organizational leadership.

With the current growth and development of internet services, a lot of professional trainers are choosing to offer their services, and if you are looking to hire online trainers, you need to ensure that your freelancer:

  • Can communicate information clearly and concisely to a large audience.
  • Has the ability to adapt the programs and training materials based on the specific requirements.
  • Is well versed with the use of technologies such as projectors, creating PowerPoint presentations and using other technological evaluation tools.
  • Has deep knowledge and understanding of the particular topic or module for which the trainer is preparing the material.
  • Has extensive experience and demonstrated use of the latest technology for delivering training programs for a particular field of specialization.

Qualifications of Freelance Trainers

  • Online trainers belong to a number of different educational backgrounds such as marketing, finance or legal, and this gives them the expertise to provide effective training solutions.
  • Business management training experts, in addition to relevant education, have extensive professional experience which helps them draft and design suitable training programs for new employees.
  • Trainers are also familiar with training software, learning management systems and learning platforms which they can widely use to optimize their training processes.

If You are a Freelance trainer go by below Points

How to become a freelance trainer?

Many trainers, developers, coaches, and facilitators occasionally get the urge to jump ship and do their own thing. So what is the difference between those that ‘make it’ and those that don’t? How do we become an effective and sustainable freelance trainer or consultant? Lets first look at why you want to leave a place of safety because it is. Salaried roles provide a predictable structure and a predictable income. But often with politics that we believe we can do without. We want the freedom to make our own choices.

What is the daily rate for a Freelance Trainer

How much do you want to earn? Well while this might be “how long is a piece of string?” we must have a plan of some kind. In order that you have time for marketing, preparation and filling in all the finance paperwork that you have to you probably only have 100 working days available to you. And as your business expenses, tax, etc are additional you will want to aim for:

Salary/100 *20%

So if you wish to earn Rs. 50,000/-
50000/100 + 8000/100 = 400 + 80 = 480 per day

Freelance Trainers – Where do you get your work?

When first starting out you will probably get 80% of your work from one client (or associate group). This is fine for a time – however statistics from companies house and the banks suggest that most businesses fail in their first 2 years of business because of their client base or cash flow.

You should aim for no more than 30% of your turnover from one client or associate group. Difficult in the short term – but essential in the long term. I have recently been contacted by a very able trainer looking for associate work – why? Because the associate group he was with work was drying up. We all know there are cycles in the training world – and it is about having a wide client base to help us to weather these storms.

Where freelancers often fall down

There are three main areas where individuals Freelancer Trainers fall down let’s know about these.

How to be a freelance trainer – Sales & Marketing

It takes time and if this is not your thing or you find it very difficult. Build a strategy of alliances that will undertake this for you. Please do not place an advert on a forum and expect the work to come flooding in because you are good. It just does not work that way. Be very careful of everyone trying to get you to spend with their type of advertising – they want your money – they are not usually interested in your success. If they say they are offer to pay on results and see how they react.

How to be a freelance trainer – Finance

Yes, you must do this – budgeting, VAT, etc and it always takes longer than you expect! Do not just hire an accountant and expect it all to be done for you. Keep immaculate records.

How to be a freelance trainer -Focus

When working on your own there is often a feeling of ‘desperation’ when the work does is not come flying in. The temptation is to go for anything and everything. This may include basic consultancy, facilitation, training and research & evaluation projects. A ‘Jobbing trainer’ of the dangerous kind. No USP (Unique Selling Proposition), the danger here is that the person gets to be known as being a ‘project fodder’ and unfortunately rarely gets invited to do the type of work that they enjoy or are really good at – as the reputation they have built is too generalist. These things often lead to freelancers only being in the market for 2-3 years and then going back into the corporate world.

So All These Things here we do manage for you with proper account management with our company Why you should choose our service which is good on a regular basis for you and your career of freelance trainers. Management of your Account, Taxes, and Other Profiles it is best for you to work at one place. 

Choose Trainers

Legal Documents Required for Startup

What Legal documents Required for a Startup

What are Legal documents for Smooth Run Startup

Entrepreneurs are known to gamble with calculated risks as a recipe to success. Startups are a playground for entrepreneurs to showcase their bubbling skills and risk-taking abilities to the world. But one should ensure that they don’t end up in legal soup by missing out on any of the important legal documents that are required by every new startup.

Here are the top 7 legal documents you must possess as a new startup to stay away from legal troubles down the road:

A non-disclosure agreement (NDA)

A Non-Disclosure Agreement is the first piece of paper that you need to reach out for when dealing with any investor or client. These documents ensure that the confidentiality of your company, as well as that of the other party, remains protected.

NDA papers are not limited just to potential customers or clients but are also a viable asset to keep the reign tight on your employees. This will safeguard any potential leaks to outside sources.

Employee contracts and offer letters

What is a company without its employees,? They are the most important element of your business. That is exactly why you need to ensure proper contracts for each new addition to your organization as you grow. It may not seem important as a startup with limited initial capacity. But it will go a long way in making your employees understand their values and expectations of the company from them as an asset. Every such document should contain:

·       Company rules and policies

·       Expectations

·       Terms of employment including compensation, working hours, conditions of termination, etc.

·       Ownership of work

Shareholder agreements

Once your startup is ready to take the plunge with private investments, a Shareholder’s Agreement needs to be put in place so as to determine the rights of these shareholders and their ability to exercise these rights. These agreements, like spousal support after remarriage, are extremely crucial as they define the relationship between the shareholders of a particular company and are invaluable in case a co-founder decides to leave.


Every organization needs a definite set of working rules or principles that govern that space. Bylaws act as those set of rules. They ensure that every startup functions smoothly with precision and gives voice to everyone involved in the startup’s working. Bylaws can include but are not limited to voting rights to select leadership, the election of board members or taking approvals as well as other internal functioning.

Intellectual Property assignment agreements

For most startups, Intellectual Property and strong beliefs constitute the perfect recipe to success. However, many startups forget to secure these Intellectual Property rights. Startups also bank heavily on intellectual property as their portfolio assessment is what sells the company to probable investors. Having complete ownership of your IPs is of utmost importance. There are two types of IP agreements to take into consideration:

Technological Assignment Agreements are made between a shareholder and the company. Here the shareholder assigns their intellectual property to their company. These consist of the intellectual property of individuals before the formation of the company.

Invention Assignment Agreements are relevant when there is a new product or service created by a company’s employees. Invention Assignment Agreements ensure that the company owns all rights of the IP portfolio in this case.

Founder’s agreement

In case of startups with multiple founders or founding parties, it becomes imperative for them to sign an agreement that defines the working relationship of all parties and form outlines to define boundaries that would prevent any disputes in the future.

Incorporation agreement

A common mistake committed by new startups is the failure to check on putting up a proper business plan in place. Things, like setting sole ownership and not setting up a separate legal business image, can cost entrepreneurs huge losses in terms of income tax returns and personal savings and property.

Wrap up

While these legal documents are no sure shot recipe to success in your ventures, they are, nevertheless, a testament to your dedication to taking your startup to new heights with proper preparation. So put some effort into getting the legal formalities out of the way for a brighter future as a company.


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IELTS Tips for crack study Visa Interview

IELTS Tips for crack study Visa Interview. In this lesson, learn some tips on how to improve your listening, Reading, Speaking, Writing skills for multiple choice type questions. we learn more about a common way that you are tricked into writing the wrong answer. Learn about this so you can avoid the mistake. Predicting what you are going to hear is a really important skill that can help improve your listening and increase your score.

Lesson 1: IELTS Listening (सुनना)

इस  क्षेत्र  में  सुधार  लाने  के  लिए  कोई  भी  अंग्रेजी  फिल्म  चैनल  देखें | इससे  आपको  खूब  अच्छा  अभ्यास  मिलेगा | हो  सके  तो  अंग्रेजी  गाने  सुनिए  और  अंग्रेजी  समाचार  चैनलों  को  देखिये | आप  हर  रोज  एक  अलग  YouTube  वीडियो  भी  देख  सकते  हैं  | सबसे  अच्छा  यही  है  कि  आप  अंग्रेज़ों  को  अंग्रेजी  बोलते  हुए  सुनिए |

Lesson 2: IELTS Reading (पढ़ना)

आप  रोज़  Times of India और  The Tribune  जैसी  अंग्रेजी  की  अखबारें  पढ़ें , शुरू  से  लेकर  अंत  तक | इससे  आपकी  शब्दावली (vocabulary) और व्याकरण  (grammar) बेहतर  होगी | पढ़ते  समय  आप  प्रमुख  तिथियों  (important dates) , घटनाओं  (events) और  लोगों  के  नामों  को  रेखांकित  (underline) करें , क्योंकि  IELTS  में  कई  सवाल  इन्हीं  पर  आधारित  होते  हैं  | IELTS Test  के  दौरान  आपके  लिए  समय  प्रबंधन (time manage) करना महत्वपूर्ण  है | यदि  आप  प्रश्न  के  उत्तर  प्राप्त  करने  में  असमर्थ  हैं , तो  इसे  छोड़  दें  और  अगले  पर  जाएं , आप  हमेशा  वापस  आ  सकते  हैं | कई  बार  सबसे  आसान  सवाल  अंत  में  होते  हैं , इसलिए  पूरा  पेपर  पढ़ने  का  प्रयास  करें |

Lesson 3: Speaking (बोलना)

अपने  परिवार  में  किसी  व्यक्ति  या  मित्र  को  पकड़  लें , जो  अंग्रेजी  बोल  सकता  है । हर  दिन  अंग्रेजी  में  आधे  घंटे  के  लिए  उनके  साथ  बातचीत  करें | परीक्षा  से  पहले  रट्टा  लगाने  का  वह  फायदा  नहीं  होगा  जो  कि  इसका  होगा | ज़रूरी  नहीं  कि  आप  IELTS  के  विषय  में  बात  करें , आप  उस  सब  के  बारे  में  बात  करें  जो  आप  रोज़  करते  हैं  जैसे  क्रिकेट  और  फिल्में , लेकिन इसे अंग्रेजी में करें | यदि  आप  गलती  करते  हैं  तो  चिंता  न  करें , हर  कोई  ऐसा  करता  है , आप  प्रयास  करते  रहिये  और  अंत  में  जीत  आप  ही  की  होगी |

Lesson 4: IELTS Writing (लिखना)

आप  अपना  Blog  शुरू  कीजिये | आजकल  एक  ब्लॉग  लिखना  और  उसे  Facebook  पर  डालना  बहुत  ही  आसान  है । आप  IELTS  से  सम्बंधित  कोई  भी  निबंध  लिख  सकते  हैं , अपने  ब्लॉग  पर  पोस्ट  कर  सकते  हैं  और  फिर  अपने  अंग्रेजी  में  माहिर  मित्रों  से  उन  पर  टिप्पणी  करने  के  लिए  कह  सकते  हैं | यदि  आप  चाहें  तो  Google  पर  “sample IELTS essays”  खोज  सकते  हैं  और  संदर्भ  (reference)  के  लिए  उनका  इस्तेमाल  कर  सकते  हैं |

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india's best library

India’s Best Library

India’s Best Library

In a culturally rich country like India, libraries can be seen as buildings of historical significance with splendid architecture and top class design. Yet, not many people are aware of these stunning libraries.

Libraries are big assets of any countries. A Library, a building or room containing collections of books, periodicals, and sometimes films and recorded music for use or borrowing by the public or the members of an institution? So Let’s get to know about a few Library which is the biggest in India. The National Library of India on the Belvedere Estate in Alipore, Kolkata, is the largest library in India by volume.

1. National Library of India, Kolkata

The National Library of India, Kolkata holds the crown of being the largest library in India both in terms of size and volume of books.

  • Books Count – 2 million books
  • Area – 30 acres lush green Belvedere Estate
  • Language – Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Punjabi, Oriya, Kashmiri, Sanskrit, Urdu et al.

2. Delhi Public Library, Delhi

With more than 30 branches across Delhi, The Delhi Public Library preserves over 17 lakh books in various languages for its readers.

  • Books Count – 17 Lacs books
  • Area – 30 acres lush green Belvedere Estate
  • Language – All Languages

People can avail its benefits after an initial subscription fee, and are also allowed to deposit books, newspapers, magazines, etc. the library also assists the prisoners residing in Tihar Central Jail and has a braille library for the visually impaired.

3. Nehru Memorial Museum And Library, Delhi

Aptly named Nehru Memorial Museum and Library served as the residence of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru and now is home to some of the most important historical works of the Indian Independence Movement.

Located within the complex of the Teen Murti Bhawan, one can find here, preserved works of Mahatma Gandhi, private papers of Jayaprakash Narayan, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Sarojini Naidu, and many more eminent personalities.

4. State Central Library of Hyderabad, Hyderabad

This public library in the state of Telangana is one of the most magnificent structures of Hyderabad. Built by Nawab Imad-ul-Mulk in the year 1891,

  • Books Count – 04 Lacs books
  • Area – 15 acres
  • Language – All Languages
  • Architect – Aziz Ali

you’ll be impressed by his work once, you see the huge halls and high ceilings of this splendid structure.

5. Sarasvathi Mahal Library, Tanjore

Housed within the Thanjavur Palace, this library happens to be the oldest library in Asia. The library once built for the Nayak Kings of Thanjavur, now is owned and governed by Tamil Nadu State Government and has been named as Tanhore Maharaja Serfoji’s Saraswathi Mahal Library.

  • Books Count – 50 Thousand books
  • Area – 15 acres
  • Language – Sanskrit, Hindi, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil and, others.

6. State Central Library, Thiruvananthapuram

This library is 7th on our list and is the 1st public library in India. The library came to existence during the reign of King Swathi Thirunal of Travancore, and was opened only for Dubaris at that time; later it was made accessible for public as well.

  • Books Count – 700 Digitalized books
  • Area – 15 acres
  • Language – Tamil, Hindi and Sanskrit

Also known as Trivandrum Public Library, SCL is located in Thiruvananthapuram i.e. the capital city of Kerala.

7. David Sassoon Library, Mumbai

Just like the Raza Library, the David Sassoon Library is also one of the few monuments owned and governed by the Government of India. The library dates back to the year 1870 and, was a possession of Albert Sassoon, who named this library after his father David Sassoon.

  • Books Count – 35000 Books
  • Area – 15 acres

But, what makes it so different from other libraries, is a leafy garden like yard at the back of the library which is no less than a gateway to an altogether different world, far from the rush and race of Mumbai.

8. Connemara Public Library, Chennai, Tamil Nadu

The Connemara Public Library is not an ordinary library! This library serves as a depository library for the UN.

Moreover, it receives and stores all the copies of various books, newspapers, and magazines printed in India and, thus, is amongst the four National Depository Libraries in India. The library annually updates its collection through the funding it receives from the state government.


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Most Productive Tips For Consultants

Most Productivity Tips for Consultants

Do you want to become more productive? Who doesn’t, right?

In fact, there’s a huge industry and thousands of books written on how to become more productive. There is a problem with all of this, however. The problem my friend is that learning how to become more productive has been made too complicated. The very act of following specific lists, keeping organized plans, charts, using special programs – makes being productive a job in and of itself. 10 productivity tips that are easy to implement in your life. When I say easily that doesn’t mean change on your part isn’t required. It means they can be put into action right away and results that you can see instantly.

1. Be Specific About Email Times

Most people open their email program every few seconds anticipating the next email. Worse yet others have notifications that go off on their phone or computers to notify them of new email. This may be one of the deadliest productivity killers. Don’t do this! Instead, have set times during the day that you check and respond to email. If that’s too big of a shift to make, start by closing your email program and only opening it between finishing and starting other priority tasks. If you’re only checking email once or twice a day a great tip is to set up an autoresponder that people will get that notifies them that you check email at certain times during the day and that you’ll respond then. The autoresponder isn’t critical and it’s more for your peace of mind then for the person that emails you. Who really can’t wait 4-5 hours to get a response?

2. Quit the Phone

I’m on client calls, coaching calls and sales calls making deals almost every day. I initiate those calls and they are scheduled in advance, sometimes many weeks in advance. I don’t pick up the phone. Why? Because it’s a disruption. It takes me away from my core work, my priority, the area I can add the greatest value in. If the person calling feels it’s such an emergency to get a hold of me they’ll call again, probably repeatedly. Seriously, how often is a phone call a real emergency? You may have heard of a technology called voicemail? It’s where people can leave you a message so you can return it later. Remember that? Use it! Picking up calls every time the phone rings doesn’t help you to be more productive.

3. Don’t Get Too Cuddly With Social Media

Like checking emails many people have an obsession with social media. They check their Facebook, Twitter, Instagram (fill in other social media platform) several times throughout the day. Often they do this several times an hour. And what happens when you do this? You end up reading an article, watching a video, clicking around to other sites. Unless you’re taking a break these actions aren’t helping you. When you’re ‘working’ on social media be clear that the actions you’re taking are helping you to make a sale or grow your business.

4. Focused Not Unfriendly

I’ve written about How to Get Better at Saying No and this is a skill and decision that impacts your productivity. It’s not always easy to turn down an invitation from a friend to meet for coffee. But when you know you need to get other priorities done for your business saying ‘No’ is critical. You’ll find as you become more successful more people will want access to you, they’ll want to take your time. And that’s great. Be honored and appreciate that. However, you can’t allow what others want to take you away from your goals and the achievements that you’re working towards. I remember when I was launching one of my first businesses many friends would invite me to join them for drinks or to hang out. I said ‘No’ almost every time. Not because I didn’t value them as friends but because I had set my priorities. Did they think I was crazy? Probably. Did they say I wasn’t ‘social’? I’m sure. Did I care? Not really. Once you’re clear on what you want you need to keep your head down and focus on it. That doesn’t mean you don’t socialize or have fun. Just balance your priorities so you’re not being taken off course.

5. How Clean Is Your Desk?

The more organized my desk and working environment is the more focused I feel. Nothing is grabbing my attention. Papers aren’t piled everywhere. This is an easy change to make and yet the impact can be dramatic. Look at your working environment and ask yourself ‘Is this environment helping me to be focused and productive or is it filled with distractions?’ Then deal with it accordingly.

6. Be One With the Music

I listen to music throughout the day. Music is a huge part of my life. Even as I’m writing this right now I have some chill tunes playing. Music helps you get into your flow and to concentrate on what you’re doing. But it needs to be the right kind of music. In my case I find music that has a lot of vocals tends to distract me. On the other hand listening to jazz, world music or even some deep house without a lot of vocals really helps. I’ve never been a huge classical music fan, though I’ve found that sometimes I really enjoy it and it’s great when I’m writing or concentrating on my work.

7. Keep It Moving

Some of my best ideas come to me while I’m swimming or at the gym. Exercise plays a significant role in not only physical health but also mental health. It provides clarity. Whether you get up every 40 minutes and stretch or go for a late morning or mid-afternoon walk – it doesn’t matter – as long as you’re up and moving. The health benefits are clear. But the movement and activity also gets your mind more focused and relaxed. When you come back to your work you’ll be sharper and more productive. If you’re not trying this already, be sure that you do.

8. The Secret Ingredient

One of the greatest productivity ‘secrets’ is simple to say (and to do) yet very few people do it. Here it is: tackle your #1 priority at the beginning of each day. This will have a huge benefit on your productivity. When you leave your main priorities for later in the day you often don’t get to them. Or by the time you do you feel drained and can’t do them as well as you’d like to. The solution is to start your day with a clear focus an intention on that #1 priority. Doing this 5 days a week results in 20 critical actions each month that will help you to move your consulting business forward in a meaningful way.

9. Let Go

If you want to truly become more productive you have to learn to let go. Delegating is the best way to do this. Rather than trying to hold on to everything ‘because you can do it best’ give more work away. Hire contractors or support staff that can take the routine and administrative work away from you. Why spend your time working on $10/hr work when you should be focused on higher value work that can make you thousands of dollars? Setting the right people up to help can take a few days or even weeks to get right, but once you do, you’ll never go back. You’ll be spending more of your time doing the work you enjoy and creating more value…while doing less of the work you dislike and having someone else take care of it for you.

10. Rise and Shine

Countless articles (like this one from the Guardian) show how the most successful executives get up early. Most start their day around 5 am. Does that mean you have to get up that early too? No. But realize that the earlier you get up the more you can get done before the rest of the world is moving. You’ll have fewer emails, phone calls, and other distractions trying to get your attention early in the morning. This leaves time for you to get deeply focused on your #1 priority for that day and complete it before the rest of your nation even wakes up.

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